Hygiene & Safety
All natural, 5-ingredient shampoo
1/2 cup Liquid Castille Soap (plain)
1/4 cup Apple Cider Vinegar
1 tbsp Olive Oil
2 tbsp Water
3 or 4 drops doTerra Essential Oil of your choice (for scent)
I made this recipe quadrupled and it has lasted almost 2 years.
How often should I bathe my pet?
Depending on your dog's coat they only need to be bathed once a month. If they spend a lot of time outdoors, it would be necessary to do it more frequently. You can also alternate with dry shampoo or waterless shampoo if your dog hates water. Usually you just spray it on your dog's coat and rub it in, then towel it out.
Cats do a lot of self-grooming, but they do still need to be bathed regularly (every 6 weeks or so). Cats are very greasy and will get mats if the loose hair and debris is not removed. Bathing them will keep their coat healthy, stops parasites and decreases shedding.
1 cup Unrefined, Virgin Coconut Oil (warmed)
1/2 tsp Turmeric powder
1/2 tsp Kelp powder (Norwegian or deep sea)
1/8 tbsp Dried Parsley Flakes
1/4 cup Unrefined, Virgin Coconut Oil
1/8 tsp Turmeric powder
1/8 tsp Kelp powder (Norwegian or deep sea)
2 drops Stevia Extract
3 drops Grapefruit seed Oil
Store both in fridge between uses. You can even make a large amount and put it into an empty toothpaste tube from a craft store.
Does your horse's teeth change colour as they age? This is actually normal.
Horse teeth actually aren't covered with enamel like dogs, cats, or people. They are covered with material called cementum which is highly porous. They absorb the pigments from the food they eat!
If their teeth turn yellow to brown or black, that is normal. However the thick yellowy-grey around the gums is tartar and needs to be removed. It typically forms around the canine teeth (in geldings and stallions) and incisor teeth. If the tartar is left it will irritate the gums and can cause bleeding and discomfort.
How often should I brush my pet's teeth?
For a healthy mouth, a few days a week should do it. Working up to a few minutes a day for those with plaque issues.
Cats: finger brush, small dogs: finger brush and angled brushes with softer bristles for bigger dogs.
Body - Dog
This really depends on your dog's coat. Some require multiple types of brushes for their healthiest coat.
Slicker brushes have fine, short wires close together on a flat surface. It is important to remember to always be gentle when using a slicker brush. The fine, tightly-spaced wires can cause your dog discomfort if too much pressure is used. They are used on medium-to-long-haired or curly-haired dogs such as Golden Retrievers, Yorkshire Terriers, Cocker Spaniels, and St. Bernards to remove mats.
Rakes brushes are designed to penetrate into a dog’s thick coat and remove tangles and dead undercoat near the dog’s skin. They are often shaped like a shaving razor and feature one or two rows of tightly-spaced pins therefore use with minimal pressure. When looking for a rake, be sure to find one with pins that roughly match your dog’s hair length. Rakes that are too short will miss the inner layer of undercoat, while rakes that are too long could irritate the skin. Rakes should be used on thick-haired dogs including German Shepherds, Malamutes, and Chow Chows.
Bristle brushes are used on short-haired, smooth-coated dogs that shed frequently. Their clusters of tightly-packed natural bristles will remove loose hair and stimulate the skin. Bristle brushes can be used on breeds such as Pugs, Italian Greyhounds, Jack Russell Terriers, and Boston Terriers.
Pin brushes are usually oval-shaped, with a loosely-arranged set of flexible wires with pins on top. They are best used to finish off the grooming process.
In addition to the brushes above, you should also buy a flea comb for your dog. Fleas can cause itching, irritation and can lead to skin infections. Flea combs are universal and can be used on any dog.If you are unsure of which brush is best to use, ask a pet care specialist or veterinarian.
Body - Cat
Again this really depends on the coat type of your cat.
Slicker brushes are curved or slanted brushes with very thin teeth. They are ideal for medium- to long-coated cats and work well to remove dirt, dander and dead and loose hair. When used regularly they’ll prevent matting, but can also be used to help remove them.
Matbreakers are made for long-coated cats that need to have mats removed. They are long, slender brushes that have long blades instead of teeth. Matbreakers are used to remove mats without damaging the rest of the coat.
Dual-Sided brushes are ideal for short- to medium-length coats. They have a fine tooth brush on one side and a soft bristle brush on the other, removing tangles and spreading natural oils, respectively.
Mitt brushes are rubber or vinyl gloves or mittens that go over your hand that have a toothed side to them that can be used to brush your cat. These brushes are unique in that they’re more like petting your cat than actually grooming them and your cat might not know the difference. They can be used on all coat types.
Shedding combs come in different types, most notably the Poodle comb and Greyhound comb. The Poodle comb has thin teeth that are spread widely apart and are ideal for long-coated cats as they remove tangles and dead hair. Greyhound combs have teeth much closer together and can be used for all coat types but are ideal for short- to medium-lengths.
FURminator® and similar brands are smaller, finer toothed shedding blades that remove both the top and undercoat. They are effective and getting rid of excess dirt and dander and can be used on all coat types.
For dogs, at least once a month. If the quick is too long, clip or dremel a little off every few days. If you hear them clicking on the floor, then the nails are too long.
For cats, every 10-14 days is optimal.
Dr. Karen Becker's All Natural Ear Cleaner Recipe
1/3 cup Witch Hazel
3 tbsps Hydrogen Peroxide
1 tbsp Organice Apple Cider Vinegar
for ear infections, add 1 tbsp Colloidal Silver
for yeasty ears, add 3 drops Oil of Oregano
for irritated ears, add 3 drops Lavender Essential Oil
for ear mites, add 10 drops of Neem Oil
Mix and pour on cotton pads in a sterile glass container. Store in a cool, dry place. Some pets take multiple cotton pads per ear daily, some don't need any! Each pet is different.
*Remember not to use ear cleaner on any pets with ruptured ear drums*
Fleas & Ticks
What are ticks and why are they a concern?
Ticks are small external parasites that attach to your or your pet and can transmit diseases such as Lyme Disease through the sucking of their blood. The percentage of ticks that carry this and other zoonotic diseases is increasing as well as the geographical areas of concern and times of year they are active.
When do they come out?
Ticks are temperature-dependent and when the temperature is above 4C they come out to feed. There is no 'tick season' and as the global temperatures continue to rise, their period of activity is getting longer.
What do I look for and how do I remove them?
To remove them, use one of the tick removal tools you can get at most pet stores or veterinary clinics. You want to use a twisting motion to make sure that the tick doesn't release the disease into your pet's blood. After removing any ticks, you should always monitor your pet for symptoms or get their blood tested
How do I prevent tick-born illnesses?
Holistic tick prevention such as doTerra's bug spray recipe:
4-6 drops Peppermint (Omit for cats)
4-6 drops Lemongrass
4-6 drops Rosemary
4-6 drops Cedarwood
(decreases likelihood of tick landing on your pet only)
What are fleas and why should I be concerned?
Fleas are small flightless external parasites that suck the blood of their hosts. They can infest your home, transmit diseases (typhus) and parasites (tapeworms) and cause hair loss and rashes in you and your pets.
When do they come out?
Peak flea season in Ontario is early August to early October but can fluctuate.
How do I prevent my dog or cat from getting fleas?
Holistic flea treatments such as Diatomaceous Earth internally and where they sleep
or doTerra's flea/bug spray recipe
Cats: 4-6 drops Rosemary
Dogs: 4-6 drops Rosemary and 4-6 drops Purify
Horses: 6-8 drops Lemongrass or Purify
or doTerra's Terrashield blend which comes as a spray.
(decreases likelihood of flea landing on your pet only)
How do I get rid of them?
If your pet does get fleas, washing everything in hot water is very important as it will kill the fleas. All the floors, furniture, and carpets must be sprayed and vacuumed or washed. All of your pet's petting and toys have to be washed in hot water. If you can't get to the stuffing of your pet's bed, replacing it is the better option. Make sure to spray your yard as well or they can repopulate and you'll have to start over. In order to get all the life stages of fleas, you will have to re-treat your home 3-4 weeks after the first treatment.
If you own a pet, a first aid kit is a must. Taking the training course is important as well because you have to know how to help your pet (and other people's pets!) in an emergency. Kits are available in smaller portable version for when you're walking your dog, medium versions for in the car, and larger versions for household use. Whenever you used part of your kit, make sure to replace it.
I highly recommend Walks and Wags.
Large kit contents include:
2 - pair exam gloves
2 - Quality Conforming Gauze (5cm x 4.1m/2in x 4.5yd)
1 - Quality Conforming Gauze (7.5cm x 4.1m/3in x 4.5yd)
20 - 3" x 3" Sterile woven Gauze Pads;
1 - Quality Elastic Tensor Bandage (5cm x 4.5m/2in x 5yd)
1 - Quality Elastic Tensor Bandage (7.5cm x 4.5m/3in x 5yd)
1 - EMS utility Scissors (18 cm/7 in)
1 - Adhesive Tape (2.5cm x 4.5m/1in x 5yd)
1 - ABD Sterile Pad (20 x 25cm/8 x 10in2)
2 - Triangular Bandages with sewn edges; pins
15 - Benzalkonium Chloride Antiseptic Towelettes; individually packaged
1 - Disposable Cold Pack
1 - Emergency Foil Blanket (137.2 x 213.4 cm/52x84 in)
25 - Assorted Fabric Adhesive Bandages - for the humans!
1 - Water Resistant Carry Bag